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Himalaya Day 2021: Black carbon is spoiling the health of the Himalayas
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Apart from the Gangetic plains, black carbon reaching the high Himalayan regions from European countries is spoiling the health of the Himalayas. Research conducted by scientists of Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology has revealed that a huge amount of black carbon is reaching the Himalayan regions every year from the Gangetic plains and European countries.

Research done by scientists shows that the amount of black carbon in the Himalayan regions has been found from 0.01 to 4.62 micrograms per cubic meter depending on the season and altitude. Research done by scientists has also revealed that in April-May-June, where the number of black carbon increases in the high Himalayan regions. At the same time, the amount of black carbon reaching the Himalayan regions decreases slightly during the rains and snowfall.

Artificial workers arising from black carbon accelerated the melting of glaciers
Research conducted by Dr. PS Negi, a former scientist of Wadia Institute, has revealed that due to the rapid black carbon in the Himalayan regions, artificial heat is being generated in these areas. Due to which the melting of glaciers has also accelerated. According to Dr. Negi, black carbon emits ultraviolet rays coming from the sun as well as infrared rays. This has a direct effect on the temperature in the Himalayan regions. Temperatures are rising above normal in the higher Himalayan regions. As a result, the rate of melting of glaciers is also large which is not a good sign.

Monitoring stations have been established in Bhojbhasa, Chirwasa of Gangotri region
Two monitoring stations were established by Wadia Institute at Bhojwasa and Chirwasa in the Gangotri region to monitor the amount of black carbon reaching the high Himalayan regions year after year. Huh. This is the first time that a monitoring station has been established at such a height by a scientific institute. This is a great achievement of Wadia Institute.

Black carbon reaching high Himalayan regions is dangerous for everyone
According to scientists, the black carbon reaching the Himalayan regions rapidly year after year is not only dangerous for the ecology of the Himalayas. At the same time, it is also dangerous for the health of crores of people living in the Gangetic plains. According to scientists, the black carbon accumulating in the Himalayan regions is also reaching the plains through the melting of glaciers and the water of rivers in the form of particulate matter. Which is also not good for human health.

Research has revealed that apart from the Gangetic plains, black carbon from European regions is reaching the Himalayan regions. Which has a direct impact on the health of the Himalayas as well. The rate of melting of glaciers has also accelerated due to the arrival of black carbon in the higher Himalayan regions. The study shows that the amount of black carbon in the high Himalayan regions has been found to range from 0.01 to 4.6 micrograms per cubic meter seasonally. which is a matter of concern. If effective steps are not taken by all the countries of the world to stop the amount of black carbon, then the health of the Himalayas will deteriorate further in the coming times, which will have a direct effect on humans as well.
Dr. PS Negi, Former Senior Scientist, Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology

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